1970 to 2011
Retreo Game And Computer’s mission is to showcase major computer platforms from the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s that had an impact on shaping the industry. For the past decade, Microsoft has been the standard with less than five percent making up all other platforms.
However, in the 1970s amd 1980s, this had not yet been established. Dozens of computer companies were fighting it up for supremasy in the home computer market. It was no certain until the early 1990s that Microsoft would become the dominant player.
Many companies like Commodore, Atari and ZX Spectrum fought based on features and price, often providing more funtionality than computers twice their price if not more. Jack Tramiel for one had a ruthless strategy against his competitors.
However, his strategy also had the effect of weakening his own company. He his strategy was both successful and a failure at the same time.Afterall, what is the purpose of winning a battle if one is not able to walk off the playing field.
Retro Game And Computer is focused on systems in Asia, Europe and the Americas. As we have just launched the site, we have a lot more to add. However, if you feel we are missing a major player, write us via the contact page with the details.
Apple is the only company here that is still in the business of what is what founded on – building innovative technology aimed at the consumer. In fact, Apple is often critisised for not having a business strategy. This was not a mistake as providing computer products to the user was goes back to its root. Litte introduction needs to be granted for Steve Jobs.
Above: Pioneering Macintosh computer, the first mainstream computer to provide a graphic based interface.
His carefully planned lanuches and presentation are legendary but this was not the case in those early years. Apple often acted quickly witho only an idea f where it wanted to be with a strong vision by its founder and little in terms of if it was technological possible.
Atari play a significant role in pioneering the video game console market, being a leader in the early years of the first generation. In the late 1970s, Atari used this technology to establish a value-based home computer division that was responsible for the Atari 400, 800, 600XL, 800XL, 1200XL and several others.
Above: Atari’s first home computer based off the Atari VES.
Through their founder Jack Tramiel, commodore focused on delivering a computer for everyone and pioneer off-shore component manufacturing and supply chain management to significantly reduce the price of computer systems. Competitors had trouble competing against Commodore and many left the market as they could not compete.
Above: The first home and business computer to offer preemptive multitasking, high resoution coor, video anamation capabilities, stero sound and independ of cpu co processors for sound and other functions.
Commodore also helped pioneer the home video market through their Amiga technology. A technology that was considered at least five years ahead of current market tech.
Clive Sinclair saught to provide value computing to the masses of the united Kingdom and Europe in much the same way that Jack Tramiel did with the Commodore Vic-20 and Commodore 64. However, many models were plagued with poor quality, which saw defects reaching as many as 30 percent on some models. However, due to the price and features provided, the ZX Spectrum did manage to sell over five million units.